Securing Your Instance

Securing your instance using fail2ban and ufw

When ordering a server on, you might want to look into securing your instance.

We will install and configure fail2ban & ufw. This guide assumes you are logged in as a non-root user. If logged in as root, you do not need to prepend the commands with sudo.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install fail2ban
sudo systemctl start fail2ban
sudo systemctl enable fail2ban
sudo apt install ufw
sudo ufw allow ssh
sudo ufw enable
  • Fail2ban will block IP addresses that continuously attempt to connect to your machine in the hopes of finding a weak password, for example.

  • Ufw is a firewall management tool that will block access to all ports unless otherwise specified.

That's all! Your VPS is now equipped with a firewall and basic protection against automated machines trying to break in. Check your firewall status and fail2ban status with respective commands:

sudo ufw status
sudo fail2ban-client status
sudo fail2ban-client status sshd

You might be surprised how many bad actors are trying to obtain access to your server!

Connecting to JupyterLab securely

If you want to run a service like Jupyter Notebook, you will need to forward a port from your local computer over the SSH for that. The default port for Jupyter Notebook is 8888

To have the port forward, please add the forwarding options to the SSH command:

ssh -L 8888:localhost:8888 root@IP_OF_YOUR_INSTANCE

Last updated