Securing Your Instance

Securing your instance using fail2ban and ufw
When ordering a server on, you might want to look into securing your instance.
We will install and configure fail2ban & ufw. This guide assumes you are logged in as a non-root user. If logged in as root, you do not need to prepend the commands with sudo.
sudo apt update
sudo apt install fail2ban
sudo apt install ufw
sudo ufw allow ssh
sudo ufw enable
  • Fail2ban will block IP addresses that continuously attempt to connect to your machine in the hopes of finding a weak password, for example.
  • Ufw is a firewall management tool that will block access to all ports unless otherwise specified.
If you want to run a service like Jupyter Notebook, you will need to open up a port for that. The default port for Jupyter Notebook is 8888:
sudo ufw allow 8888
That's all! Your VPS is now equipped with a firewall and basic protection against automated machines trying to break in. Check your firewall status and fail2ban status with respective commands:
sudo ufw status
sudo fail2ban-client status
sudo fail2ban-client status sshd
You might be surprised how many bad actors are trying to obtain access to your server!
Last modified 5h ago